This surname of MANHEIMER is an Ashkenazic Jewish habitation name from the city of MANNHEIM in south west Germany, formerly the residence of the electors Palatine, so called from the Germanic personal name MANNO (man) + HEIM (homestead). It seems that all bearers of the surname are Jews who have acquired it fairly recently. MANNHEIM was not fortified or chartered until the beginning of the 17th century, until which time it was just a small fishing village. The name is also spelt MANHEIM and MANNHEIMER. When traditional Jews were forced to take family names by the local bureaucracy, it was an obligation imposed from outside traditional society, and people often took the names playfully and let their imaginations run wild by choosing names which corresponded to nothing real in their world. No one alive today can remember the times when Jews took or were given family names (for most Ashkenazim this was the end of the 18th century or the beginning of the 19th) although many remember names being changed after emigration to other countries, such as the United States and Israel in recent years. A notable member of the name was Baron Carl Gustav MANNERHEIM (1867-1951) the Finnish soldier, statesman and president, born in Villnas, Finland. When Finland declared her independence (1918) he became supreme commander and regent. Another notable was Karl MANNEIM (1893-1947) the sociologist, born in Budapest. He studied at Budapest and Stradbourg, became a lecturer at Heidelberg in 1925, and was appointed professor of sociology and political economy at Frankfurt in 1930. He fled to England in 1933 where he joined the London School of Economics and in 1945 became professor of sociology and philosophy of education at the London University Institute of Education.
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