The surname of MANGIN was derived from the Gaelic O'Mongain. There are three septs of O'Mongain. One in north Connacht, (sometimes spelt as MONGAN there); the second is of Ballymongane, County Limerick; the third an erenagh family always called MONGON, is of Termonomongan, County Tyrone and the name is also spelt MANGAN. When the sparse Irish population began to increase it became necessary to broaden the base of personal identification by moving from single names to a more definite nomenclature. The prefix MAC was given to the father's christian name, or O to that of a grandfather or even earlier ancestor. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. Ireland was one of the earliest countries to evolve a system of hereditary surnames.They came into being fairly generally in the 11th century, and indeed a few were formed before the year 1000. Early records of the name mention William MANGAN, documented in the year 1255. The origin of badges and emblems, are traced to the earliest times, although, Heraldry, in fact, cannot be traced later than the 12th century, or at furthest the 11th century. At first armorial bearings were probably like surnames and assumed by each warrior at his free will and pleasure, his object being to distinguish himself from others. It has long been a matter of doubt when bearing Coats of Arms first became hereditary. It is known that in the reign of Henry V (1413-1422), a proclamation was issued, prohibiting the use of heraldic ensigns to all who could not show an original and valid right, except those 'who had borne arms at Agincourt'. The College of Arms (founded in 1483) is the Royal corporation of heralds who record proved pedigrees and grant armorial bearings. A notable member of the name was James Clarence MANGAN (1803-49) the Irish poet, born in Dublin, the son of a grocer. His life was a tragedy of hapless love, poverty and intemperance. He worked as a lawyer's clerk, and later found employment in the library of Trinity College, Dublin. He published English versions of Irish poems in 'The Poets and Poetry of Munster' (1849).
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