The surname of MANDREY is an English or Welsh name apparently a variant of the name Mainwaring. The latter name is pronounced MAENDRI in the Ammanford district of Wales, but not so spelled there. This spelling is, however found in Neath. The earliest known record of this spelling is a record of the marriage of Sarah Mandrey in the city of London in 1688. It was originally a locational name 'the dweller at the manor of Waring'. This family, so long established in County Cheshire claim to have come to England with William the Conqueror in the person of Ranulf de Meinilwarin during the Norman Conquest of 1066. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conquerer. It is known as the Domesday Book. Sir Ralph de Mesnilwarin was the justice of Chester in the 12th century, and married a daughter of the Earl of Chester. His descendants, bearing this name, can be traced to the present day. Other records of the name mention Robert de Meynwareing, County Derbyshire, 1272. Baptised. Ann Manwaring, St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1663. During the Middle Ages, when people were unable to read or write, signs were needed for all visual identification. For several centuries city streets in Britain were filled with signs of all kinds, public houses, tradesmen and even private householders found them necessary. This was an age when there were no numbered houses, and an address was a descriptive phrase that made use of a convenient landmark. At this time, coats of arms came into being, for the practical reason that men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
It is said the name can be found spelt in no less than 131 ways.
The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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