The surname of MAN was of German and English origin. It was of two-fold origin, an occupational name 'the man' the servant. The name was derived from the Old German word MANN, and shortened from the German personal name of Herman. The name was in use in England during the 12th century and appears to be familiar to the Cornish area. Early records of the name mention Henry le Man, 1273 County Cambridge. Bartholomew le Man was documented in County Cornwall in the same year Patricius de Man of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Joannes de Man County Yorkshire, ibid. Buried. Phillipe Colstone, servant of Richard Mann at St. Thomas the Apostle, London in 1586. Baptised. Ann Mann, St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1720. The small villages of Europe, or royal and noble households, even large religious dwellings and monasteries, gave rise to many family names, which reflected the occupation or profession of the original bearer of the name. Following the Crusades in Europe in the 11th 12th and 13th centuries a need was felt for an additional name. This was recognized by those of gentle birth, who realised that it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. Notable members of the name include Horace Mann ( 1796-1859) the American educationist, born in Franklin, Massachusetts, the 'father of American public education'. He entered the Massachusetss legislature in 1827, and was president of the state senate. As secretary of the board of education (1837-48) he reorganized public school teachings and was responsible for setting up the first normal school in the USA (1839). Heinrich Mann (1871-1950) the German novelist, born in Lubreck. His ruthless exposure of pre-1914 German society was explained in 'Im Schlaraffenland' (1901).
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