Ireland is one of the earliest sources of the development of patronymic names in northern Europe. Irish Clan or bynames can be traced back to the 4th century B.C. and Mac (son of) and O (grandson or ancestor of) evolved from this base, the original literal meaning of which has been lost due to the absence of written records and linguistic ambivalences which subtly but inexorably became adopted through usage. Genealogists and lexographers accept that the patronymic base does not refer to a location, quite the contrary. The use of the prefix 'Bally' (town of) attaching to the base name, identifying the location. The base root was also adopted by people residing in the demographic area without a common ancestor. These groups called 'Septs' were specially prevalent in Ireland. The first Normans arrived in Ireland in the 12th and 13th centuries to form an alliance with the King of Leinster. Under Elizabeth I in the 16th century, settlers from England established themselves around Dublin, then under English control and Presbyterian Scots emigrated to Ulster, introducing English and Scottish roots. The O'Maoileoin sept, whose homeland was at Clonmacnois, County Offaly, provided the forebears of families now named Malone and they are found predominantly in Leinster. They are an ancient sept being a branch of the O'Connors of Connacht and their principal family was for centuries associated with the Abbey of Clonmacnois. William Malone (1586-1659) was Superior of the Jesuit Mission to Ireland. Anthony Malone was the noted chancellor of the Exchequer from 1770-1776. Edmund Malone (1741-1812) was an Irish editor of the works of William Shakespeare. He was born in Dublin, and graduated from Trinity College. He was called to the bar in 1767, but from 1777, he devoted himself to literary work in London. The Malone society was founded in his honour in 1907. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
Translation of arms: Vert (green) symbolizes hope and joy, and the lion depicted in the arms denotes strength and courage.
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