The surname of MALINGS was a locational name 'of Melville' from the barony of Malaville in the Pays de Caux, Normandy. The name was brought into England and Scotland in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. The name is also spelt MALIN, MALIS, MALLINSON, MALLESON, MELLON, MALLIN and MALLONE. Early records of the name mention Galfridus de Malveill, who witnessed a charter in 1165 in Scotland. Richard Mallon was taken prisoner at Alnwick, along with King William in the year of 1174. Hugh de Mellone witnessed a charter in the year 1202. In 1264, Gregory de Mellone granted the monks of Newbattle free passage through his lands of Retrevyn to their Clydesdale possessions. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification. A notable member of the name was Harriot Mellon (1777-1837) the English actress born in London. She appeared at Drury Lane in 1795. In 1815 she married her elderly protector, Thomas Coutts, who left her all his money when he died in 1822. In 1827 she married the Duke of St. Albans. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. Translation of the arms: The Rose was a symbol of Beauty and Grace. Gules (red) denotes Military Fortitude and Magnanimity. Argent (white) means peace and sincerity.
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