The surname of MAINVILLE was a locational name 'of Mandeville' the name of two places so called, in Normandy, France. The name was brought to England with the Norman Conqueror in 1066 and is documented in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Goisfrid de Mandeville, a chief tenant in many counties in England. Early records of the name also mention Nigel de Manderville, 1273 County Berkshire. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another. Ricardus Maunfil, of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll tax of 1379. George Mandevell married Elizabeth Clinch at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1667. A locational name usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The original bearer would take his name from the village, town or the area where he dwelt. This name would identify his whole family, and would follow them wherever they moved. Following the Crusades in Europe a need was felt for a family name. This was recognized by those of noble blood, who realised the prestige and practical advantage that it would add to their status. Geoffrey de Mandeville (died 1144) was an English baron created Earl of Essex in 1141. The exact place from which the family derived is not known, but Manneville in Seine Maritime seems the most likely candidate. Geoffrey became very powerful and acquired large estates through reputedly treacherous dealings. After raising a rebellion he became an outlaw in the fens and was killed during a seige. His son. William de Mandeville (died 1189) was raised at the court of Philip of Flanders and became Count of Aumale by his marriage in 1179. The earldom of Essex passed to the de Bohun family in the 13th century. Following the Crusades in Europe a need was felt for a family name. This was recognized by those of noble blood, who realised the prestige and practical advantage that it would add to their status.
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