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Mailloux Coat of Arms / Mailloux Family Crest

Mailloux Coat of Arms / Mailloux Family Crest

This French and English surname of MAILLOUX is of two-fold origin. It was an occupational name for an enameller, derived from the Old English word AMEILLUR or the Anglo/Norman French ESMAILOUR, a word of Germanic origin. It was also an English occupational name for a maker of chain mail, and rendered in ancient documents in the Latin form MACULA. The name is also spelt MAYLE, MALLE, MALLER, MAILLER, MAYLOR, MEYLER and MALHERO. Many of the modern family names throughout Europe reflect the profession or occupation of their forbears in the Middle Ages and derive from the position held by their ancestors in the village, noble household or religious community in which they lived and worked. The addition of their profession to their birth name made it easier to identify individual tradesmen and craftsmen. As generations passed and families moved around, so the original identifying names developed into the corrupted but simpler versions that we recognise today. Early records of the name mention John de Redinge MAYLER, who was recorded during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377), Freeman of York. Henry MAYLOR of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of the year 1379. It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary surnames first developed, and the use of fixed names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise surnames. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. Thus hereditary names as we know them today developed gradually during the 11th to the 15th century in the various European countries. Later instances of the name include John MAYLE who registered at Oxford University in the year 1606, and Robert MAYLER of London enrolled there in 1616, George MALLER married Sarah Longworth at St. Peter, Cornhill, London in the year 1714, and Sarah, daughter of Thomas MAILLER was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1735.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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