The associated coat of arms for this name are recorded in J.B Rietstaps Armorial General. Illustrated by V & H.V Rolland's. This Monumental work took 23 years to complete and 85,000 coats of Arms are included in this work. This surname of MAGANA is of Italian, French, Swedish and Danish/Norwegian origin, a baptismal name 'the son of Magnus' a name meaning 'great'. This name was born by Magnus the Good (died 1047), king of Norway, who was named after the Emperor Charlemagne, and was derived from the Latin Carolus Magnus 'Charles the Great'. The name spread from Norway to the East Scandinavian royal houses, and became popular all over Scandinavia and thence in the English Danelaw. Magnus Erlendsson (St.Magnus) who died in 1117. He was the Earl of Orkney. The name is also spelt MAGNES, MANUS, MAIGNE, MAGNI, MANNO, MANNU and MANNONI. Early in the 12th century, the Norse earldom of Orkney was shared by Magnus and his cousin, Earl Hakon; after years of feuding they agreed to hold a peace-meeting on the island of Egilsay just after Easter in 1117. Hakon treacherously broke the terms of the truce and took Magnus prisoner, and had him executed. The manner of Magnus's death suggested martyrdom, and soon miracles were reported. Earl Rognvald Kali, built St. Magnus Cathedral in Kirkwall in his honour. After the Crusades in Europe, in the 11th 12th and 13th century people began, perhaps unconsciously, to feel the need of a family name, or at least a name in addition to the simple one that had been possessed from birth. The nobles and upper classes, especially those who went on the Crusades, observed the prestige and practical value of an added name, and were quick to take a surname. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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