This surname of MADERO is a locational name meaning 'one who came from MADERA' (the place constructed with timber) in Spain, or one who came from MADEIRA, an island in the Atlantic ocean of the west coast of Africa in Portugese possession. Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, a stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. Portugese surnames share many of the features of Spanish surnames, in particular Arabic and Visigothic influence. A notable feature of Portugese surnames is the class of religious names referring to festivals of the church or attributes of the Virgin Mary. One respect in which Portugese names differ from those of the rest of the Iberian peninsular, is that some were adopted at a comparatively late date and honour saints who did not give rise to surnames in other languages. Portugese names typically have the ending 'eiro'. A notable member of the name was Francisco Indalecio MADERO (1873-1913) the Mexican president, born in San Pedro, Coahulia. The son of a wealthy land-owner, groomed in Paris, educated at the University at Berkeley, he was no social revolutionary, although he greatly improved the peon's on his own estates (a peon is a debtor held in servitude). He launched a presidential campaign, but at first was not taken seriously, but his popularity grew and he was imprisoned by Diaz. He escaped to the USA dressed as a railway worker, and in October 1910 issued the 'Plan de San Luis Potosi' from his San Antonio headquarters. He led a military campaign that captured Cuidad Juarez, where he established his capital (May 1861). Once elected president (1911) his moderate political reform programme pleased no one, and he faced a succession of revolts. On the night of 23rd February 1913, he and his vice-president were murdered.
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