This surname was derived from an ancient and once powerful family that at one time possessed lands in central and western Galloway. Patrik McGuffok who made a proclamation at Botil (Buittle) on behalf of Sir Robert Bruce in 1291 is probably Patrick Maccoffoc who appears as witness in 1289. Thomas Macoffoke appears in Berwick in 1297. Maucolum MacCuffok of the county of Dumfries rendered homage, 1296. King Robert Bruce confirmed to Richard Mc cuffok for his homage and service "octo bovates terre de Kelinsture et Cloentes in parochia de Soureby" in 1329. The name of John McCoffot, rector of Gewilston, witness in Galloway, 1347 is probably a misspelling, which was common in papal records of Scottish names. Gilbert M'Guffok was a tenant under the Douglas in Mikilbrekauch in the parish of Buittle, 1376 and Elene Mcguffok appears in Aberdeenshire, 1369. Thomas M'Guffok who was secretary to Margaret, countess of Douglas, 1429 may be Thomas Mcguffok who held the church of Glencarn in 1450. Letters were raised against Johanne McGuffoc, servant of Shaw of Halie, 1569. There is a farm in the Stewartry called Guffokland.
Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker.
In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.
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