The surname of MacGLOIN has been derived from the Gaelic Mac Giolla Eoin, meaning the devotee of St. John. This name belongs to Tyrone and Donegal and is also found in County Leitrim. In Fermanagh and Derry, this, like MacAloon has been absurdly changed to Monday, due to the similarity in the sound of the word Luain. When the sparse Irish population began to increase it became necessary to broaden the base of personal identification by moving from single names to a more definite nomenclature. The prefix MAC was given to the father's christian name, or O to that of a grandfather or even earlier ancestor. Ireland was one of the earliest countries to evolve a system of hereditary surnames. They came into being fairly generally in the 11th century, and indeed a few were formed before the year 1000. At first the coat of arms was purely a practical matter, serving a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With the knight completely encased in armour, the only way he could be spotted by his followers, was by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat. Early records of the name mention Gylbert McLolane, who appeared on an inquest in 1367, and Gilbert McGloon was a witness in 1381. Cane McGillolane witnessed a foundation charter of Sweetheart Abbey in 1359. The name was taken to Scotland by settlers and a number of persons of the name are recorded in Morar, Invernesshire about 1670. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker. A very prominent Texas pioneer was named James MacGloin.
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