The surname of LYDIATE was a locational name 'the dweller at the swing-gate' from residence nearby. The name is familiar to Cornwall, and was originally derived from the Old English word HLIDGEAT. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The Normans had three kinds of names from different sources. First were names their Viking ancestors brought from Norway to France (8th Century). That's why they were Normans (Northmen). Second were names they found in France.The Franks (French) had come from Franconia in Germany and had crossed the Rhine to occupy the Roman Province of Gaul (5th Century) and called it France. They mixed Latin and German to create French, translating old Germanic names into it, ignoring existing Latin and Celtic (pre-Roman) names. The Viking Normans who also ditched their own language (except for the names) adopted French names as well. The third kind of Norman names were religious. They became Christians and the most religious of them used Saints names. The Normans between 1066 and 1170 conquered England, southern Scotland, Wales, Ireland, Sicily and southern Italy. They were followed everywhere by other French families and some Bretons (the pre-Roman Celts left in north-west France). To this day their names are found in Royalty, Politics and Big Business in these countries and in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa and the United States which their descendants colonised. Early records of the name mention LITGATA (without surname) who was documented in the Domesday Book of 1086, and LIDGATE (without surname) who was recorded in 1254. William de Lydathe appears in the year 1342 in County Lancashire. Richard Lydiate of Chester, was listed in the Wills at Chester in 1555. Richard Lydiate of Weston, Lancashire, was listed in the Wills in 1623.
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