The Polish, German, English, French, Spanish, Portugese, Flemish and Dutch surname of LUX was originally from the Latin given name LUCAS, a form of the Greek LOUCAS, meaning 'the man from Lucania, which was a region of South Italy that was perhaps originally named with a word meaning 'bright'. The name owed its popularity in the Middle Ages to St. Luke the Evangelist. (1st century AD) the New Testament evangelist, and companion of St. Paul on his journeys. Mentioned in Colossians IV as 'the beloved physician' his name is suggestive of Italian origin. Church tradition made him a native of Antioch in Syria, a painter by profession, and a martyr. He is first named as author of the third gospel in the 2nd century; and tradition has since ascribed to him both that work and the Acts of the Apostles. He is the patron saint of doctors and artists. His feast day in the 18th October. The name has many variant spellings which include LUCKS, LUKESCH, LUKAS, LUCAS, KAS, LUKACS, LUKASIEWICZ, LUKASIK, LUKASZEWICZ, LUKASZEWSKI, LUKEN, LUKOWSKI, LUKS and LUKE, to name but a few. Early records of the name mention Lucas (without surname) 1150 Nottinghamshire. Euerard Lucas was recorded in the year 1152 in Hertfordshire and Willelmus Lucas of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. A notable member of the name was Leyden Van Lucas (1494-1533) the Dutch painter and engraver, born in Leiden. He practised almost every branch of painting and his most famous works include the triptych of 'The Last Judgement' (1526) and 'The Blind Man of Jericho Healed by Christ' (1531). As an engraver he is believed to have been the first to etch on copper. Richard Lucas and Alice Pumfrett were married in London in the year of 1561. Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name.
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