The surname of LUTTRELL has the associated coat of arms recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. The was derived from the Old French word LOUTRE, and was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. It was an occupational name 'a hunter of otters'. Occupational surnames originally denoted the actual occupation followed by the individual. At what period they became hereditary is a difficult problem. Many of the occupation names were descriptive and could be varied. In the Middle Ages, at least among the Christian population, people did not usually pursue specialized occupations exclusively to the extent that we do today, and they would, in fact, turn their hand to any form of work that needed to be done, particularly in a large house or mansion, or on farms and smallholdings. In early documents, surnames often refer to the actual holder of an office, whether the church or state. Early records of the name mention Geoffrey Lutrel, 1194, County Northumberland. Ralph le Lutre was recorded in Berkshire in the year 1232. Alexander Lutterell was documented in County Somerset in the year 1268. Robert Lutrell of County Nottingham, was recorded in the reign of Edward I (1272-1307). Andreas Loterel of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Robert Luterel, registered at Oxford University in the year 1532.
Thomas Luttrell of County Somerset, ibid. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.
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