This surname of LUTTER was of two-fold origin. It was an occupational name for a player on the lute. The name was originally derived from the word LUT, and is also spelt LUTHER, LEUTHER, LUTHIER, LUTERAND, LAUTERO, LAUTE, LAUTENSCHLAGER and LAUDENSLAYER. It also meant 'one who came from LAUTERBURG' (clear mountain) the name of several places in Germany. Many Germans in the United States have family names derived from German, Swiss and Austrian towns and cities, many of them Jewish names, and this is such a name. Surnames are divided into four categories, from occupations, nicknames, baptismal and locational. All the main types of these are found in German-speaking areas, and names derived from occupations and from nicknames are particularly common. A number of these are Jewish. Patronymic surnames are derived from vernacular Germanic given names, often honouring Christian saints. Regional and ethnic names are also common. The German preposition 'von (from) or 'of', used with habitation names, is taken as a mark of aristocracy, and usually denoted proprietorship of the village or estate from where they came. Some members of the nobility affected the form VON UND ZU with their titles. In eastern Germany there was a heavy influence both from and on neighbouring Slavonic languages. Many Prussian surnames are of Slavonic origin. A notable member of the name was Martin LUTHER (1483-1546) the leader of the Protestant Reformation in Germany. He was the translator (1522-34) of the Bible into German and author of many hymns. The LUTHERANS are the followers of the Lutheran church, especially in Germany and Scandinavia, which accept the doctrines of the Augsburg Confession (1530) and whose cardinal doctrine is that of justification by faith alone.
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