The surname of LONGE was a nickname 'the lang' the long and tall man. Early records of the name mention Hamo le Lang, 1300 Lancashire. Richard le Lange of County Somerset, was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377) and Ricardus Lang of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Buried. Ellis Lange, brought home from Tyborne, St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1639. Surnames having a derivation from nicknames form the broadest and most miscellaneous class of surnames, encompassing many different types of origin. The most typical classes refer adjectivally to the general physical aspect of the person concerned, or to his character. Many nicknames refer to a man's size or height, while others make reference to a favoured article of clothing or style of dress. Many surnames derived from the names of animals and birds. In the Middle Ages ideas were held about the characters of other living creatures, based on observation, and these associations were reflected and reinforced by large bodies of folk tales featuring animals behaving as humans. The name was in Scotland early and William Lange of County Berewyke who was documented in the year 1296, appears to be the first of the name there on record. Adam Lang was on an inquest of lands in Aberdeen in the year 1341, and Willelmus Lange witnessed a charter between the bishop of Aberdeen in 1391. Robert Lang was chaplain to Duncan, earl of Lennox between 1394 and 1398, and Thomas Lange was a charter witness in Elenhall in 1580. An eminent member of the name was Andrew Lang (1844-1912) the Scottish man of letters. He was a fellow of Merton College, Oxford. He moved to London in 1875 to take up journalism and became one of the most versatile and famous writers of his day. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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