This English, Swedish and Danish/Norwegian topographic name was derived from the Old Norman LUNDR, a name familiar to County Lancashire, and in fact a number of places in England, meaning one who lived at the Lund, an open space in a wood. When surnames became obligatory in Sweden in the 19th century, this was one of the most popular among the many terms denoting features of the natural landscape which were adopted as surnames. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. There is a town in Sweden called Lund, and the name was probably brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Early records of the name mention Lont who was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. In 1086 the compilation of the Domesday Book was ordered by William the Conqueror (1027-87), king of England from 1066. He was born in Failaise, the bastard son of Robert, Duke of Normandy, by Arlette, a tanner's daughter. On his father's death in 1035, the nobles accepted him as a duke. When Edward the Confessor, king of England died in 1066, William invaded England that Autumn, on 14th October, 1066 killing Harold (who had become King). English government under William assumed a more feudal aspect, the king's tenants-in-chief and all title to land was derived from his grants, and the Domesday Book contains details of the land settlements, and the names of the owners of such. Alice du Lund was documented in County Lancashire in the year 1272 and Johannes del Lound of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll in 1379. William Lund was recorded in County Lancashire in the year 1400. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.
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