The surname of LOINES was a Norfolk locational name meaning 'the dweller at the laund' an open piece of land. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The name is a variant of the name Lowndes, and is also spelt Loynes. Early records of the name mention Richard de la Loynes 1273, County Norfolk. William Lowndes of County Somerset, was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377) and Johannes del Loines of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. The acquisition of surnames in Europe during the past eight hundred years has been affected by many factors, including social class and social structure, naming practices in neighbouring cultures, and indigenous cultural tradition. On the whole, the richer and more powerful classes tended to acquire surnames earlier than the working classes and the poor, while surnames were quicker to catch on in urban areas than in more sparsely populated rural areas. These facts suggest that the origin of surnames is associated with the emergence of bureaucracies. As long as land tenure, military service, and fealty were matters of direct relationship between a lord and his vassals, the need did not arise for fixed distinguishing epithets to mark out one carl from another. But as societies became more complex, and as such matters as the management of tenure and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to have a more complex system of nomenclature to distinguish one individual from another reliably and unambiguously. Later instances of the name mention Thomas Madlocke and Catherine Lowndes who were married in London in 1625, and Thomas Lowndes and Elizabeth Spencer were married in London in the year 1628. An eminent member of the name was William Thomas Lowndes (1798-1843) the English bookseller and bibliographer, born in London. He produced 'The Bibliographer's Manual of English Literature' in 1843, and 'The British Librarian' in 1839.
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