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Litchfield Coat of Arms / Litchfield Family Crest

Litchfield Coat of Arms / Litchfield Family Crest

The surname of LITCHFIELD is of two places in England. It was a locational name 'of Litchfield' a city in County Stafford. The elements of the name (which was originally recorded in early documents as Letocetum) literally means the dweller at the grey-wood. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land and indicated where he actually lived. The place Litchfield in Hampshire was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as LIVESELLE. Early records of the name mention Richard Lychfeld, who registered at Oxford Universty in 1450. Thomas Fowler married Anne Lichefeild (widow) in London in 1594. Henry Cookman married Elizabeth Litchfeild at St. James's, Hanover Square, London in 1663. The name is also spelt Litchefield. Surnames before the Norman Conquest of 1066 were rare in England having been brought by the Normans when William the Conqueror invaded the shores. The practice spread to Scotland and Ireland by the 12th century, and in Wales they appeared as late as the 16th century. Most surnames can be traced to one of four sources, locational, from the occupation of the original bearer, nicknames or simply font names based on the first name of the parent being given as the second name to their child. A notable member of the name is Patrick, 5th Earl of Lichfield, born in 1939. He is the English photographer, educated at Harrow and Sandhurst. He served in the Grenadier Guards (1959-62) when he determined to become a professional photographer. After working as an assistant for many years, he opened his own studio and since 1981 has achieved success in travel and publicity photography as well as in many personal Royal portraits. In the Middle Ages the Herald (old French herault) was an officer whose duty it was to proclaim war or peace, carry challenges to battle and messages between sovereigns; nowadays war or peace is still proclaimed by the heralds, but their chief duty as court functionaries is to superintend state ceremonies, such as coronations, installations, and to grant arms. Edward III (1327-1377) appointed two heraldic kings-at-arms for south and north, England in 1340. The English College of Heralds was incorporated by Richard III in 1483-84.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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