SURNAMES as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. They were not in use in England or in Scotland before the Norman Conquest, and were first found in the Domesday Book. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. It was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) it became general practice amongst all people. The surname of LEMEN is a form of the name Lamont. They were an important family in Argyllshire in the early 13th century. The name was derived from the Old Norman 'logmaor' meaning a lawman, a laywer. The name was brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Early records of the name mention Leman (without surname) listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. William Lemmon was documented in 1275, County Worcestershire. Henry Lemman, 1327, County Sussex. William Lemmon was a writer in Edinburgh in 1686, and another William was recorded in Newmill, Scotland in 1796. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.
The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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