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Leistner Coat of Arms / Leistner Family Crest

Leistner Coat of Arms / Leistner Family Crest

The surname of LEISTNER was a German occupational name, a maker of lasts, wooden moulds of the foot, used by shoe-makers or a name given to a porter, from the Old German word LAST. The first hereditary surnames on German soil are found in the second half of the 12th century, slightly later than in England and France. However, it was not until the 16th century that they became stabilized. The practice of adopting hereditary surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northwards during the Middle Ages. The name is also spelt as LASTUE, LAST, O'LOISTE, LASTER, LEISTENMACHER, LEISTENSCHNEIDER and LEESTMAN. The name was brought into England at an early date where it has been anglicized to LAST. Most of the occupations or professions reflected in family names are those known in the small villages in Europe, or those followed in a kings, or an important noble's household, or in some large religious house or monastery. During the Middle Ages much of Europe was composed of small villages, and many families surnames sprang from the occupation of the owner, and to describe a man by his occupation or profession was the most natural way to address a man, and set him apart from others in the neighbourhood. Early records of the name in England mention Thomas le Lastue, 1275, County Somerset, Thomas Richard Last was documented in the year 1385 in County Suffolk. William Last of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. The name is found in Ireland in Gaelic O'LOISTE and has been associated with County Donegal. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour.It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.


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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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