This German surname of LEEB was a nickname for a brave or regal person, originally derived from the Old German word LOWE meaning 'lion'. In some cases the name may have denoted someone who lived at a house which was distinguished by the sign of a lion. It was also an Ashkenazic Jewish name adopted in some cases because of the association of the animal with the tribe of Judah; in the blessing of Jacob (Genesis.49:9) Judah is likened to a lion's whelp. The name has many variant spellings which include LAUBACH, LOW, LAUE, LEUE, LEV and LEVENSTEIN, to name but a few. Notables of the name include Heinrich LAUBE (1806-84) the German playwright and manager, born in Sprottau in Silesia. He was one of the leaders of the 'Young Germany' movement and editor of 'Die elegante Welt' its literary organ. He was director of Vienna's Burgtheater (1850-67) and among his writings are works on the theatre and historical themes. Franch LAUBACH (1884-1970) was the American missionary and pioneer of adult basic education, born at Benton, Pennsylvania. Discovering that the Moror tribespeople of the Phillipines, where he had been sent to evangelize in 1915, were unable to read or write, he devised a simple way to combat illiteracy. Because of the close relationship between the English and German languages, some Germans are able to transform their names to the English form just by dropping a single letter. Many Germans have re-spelt their names in America. A great number of immigrants from Germany settled in Pennsylvania. After the start of the first World War, Germans in great numbers Anglicized their names in an effort to remove all doubt as to their patriotism. Afterwards some changed back, and then during World War II the problem became acute once more, and the changing started all over again, although not with as much intensity. German or Teutonic heraldry extended its sphere of influence over central Europe and spread into Scandinavia. It is most notable for its design and treatment of crests, most of which reflect the arms in the charge or tinctures (colours) or both, which is unknown in British heraldry. Teutonic Europe assembled many arms on a single shield, each bearing its corresponding crest on a helmet.
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