This surname of LEDER was of two-fold origin. It is chiefly found in Lancashire and Yorkshire, and was a metonymic occupational name for a leatherworker or seller of leather goods. Occupational surnames originally denoted the actual occupation followed by the individual. At what period they became hereditary is a difficult problem. Many of the occupation names were descriptive and could be varied. In the Middle Ages, at least among the Christian population, people did not usually pursue specialized occupations exclusively to the extent that we do today, and they would, in fact, turn their hand to any form of work that needed to be done, particularly in a large house or mansion, or on farms and smallholdings. In early documents, surnames often refer to the actual holder of an office, whether the church or state.The name was originally derived from the Old English word LETHER. It was also a baptismal name 'the son of Lethar'. The name is also spelt LETHER and LETHERMAN. Early records of the name mention Adam LETHERMAN, who was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Robert Lether, 1524 County Suffolk. Alyce Lether 1582 London. Nathaniel Carter and Ann LEDER were married at St. Antholin, London in the year 1633. Samuel Pine and Sarah LEADER were married in Canterbury, Kent in 1663. Surnames before the Norman Conquest of 1066 were rare in England having been brought by the Normans when William the Conqueror invaded the shores. The practice spread to Scotland and Ireland by the 12th century, and in Wales they appeared as late as the 16th century. Most surnames can be traced to one of four sources, locational, from the occupation of the original bearer, nicknames or simply font names based on the first name of the parent being given as the second name to their child. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error
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