The surname of LEDBETTER was derived from the Old English LEADBEATERE, an occupational name - a worker in lead. The small villages of Europe, or royal and noble households, even large religious dwellings and monasteries, gave rise to many family names, which reflected the occupation or profession of the original bearer of the name. Following the Crusades in Europe in the 11th 12th and 13th centuries a need was felt for an additional name. This was recognized by those of gentle birth, who realised that it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. Early records of the name mention Ingald Ledbater of Wales in 1221. Walter le Bedbetere of the County of Northumberland in 1256. Ricardus Ledebatter was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Henry Leadbetter of the County of Yorkshire in 1645. John Leadbeater married Christine Andrews at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1561. The name was taken to Scotland by early settlers and Walter Ledbeter of Heydon appeared before an assize at Newcastle-on-Tyne on suspicion of robbery in Scotland in 1256. Thomas Ledbeter was provost of Linlithgow in 1328, and Alexander Leadbetter was a merchant in Glasgow in 1831. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker.
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