The surname LAWRENZ was a universal baptismal name 'the son of Lawrence' an ancient and still popular personal name. The name was borne by a saint who was martyred at Rome in the 3rd century AD; he enjoyed considerable cult throughout Europe, with the consequent popularity of the given name. The name has numerous variant spellings which include LAWRENCE, LAURENCE, LORENCE, RENZO, LABRENZE, LORTZ and LAURITO, to name but a few. Early records of the name mention a certain Sir Robert Lawrence of Aston Hall, County Lancashire who accompanied Richard I (1188-1199) to the Holy Land. Gilbert Laueronce, was documented in County Cambridge, in the year 1273, and John filius Laurence, ibid. James Lawrence of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Nicholas Lawrence of Poynton, County Chester, was listed in the Wills at Chester in the year 1545. A notable member of the name was Sir Thomas Lawrence (1769-1830) who was the English portrait painter. David Herbert Lawrence (1885-1930) the English novelist, poet, critic and writer of travel books. Thomas Edward Lawrence (1888-1935). British soldier and scholar, was one of the leaders in the war of 1914-18. The name was in Scotland early and Magister Laurentius, a cleric, was a charter witness in Elgin, circa, 1150. Laurentius (without surname) was archdeacon of Brechin in the year 1368. John Lourance was the burgess of Aberdeen in 1541, and John Lourance was a notary public in Duns in 1663. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker. Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error.
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