It is advisable to deal with the surnames of Lavin (or Lavan) and Glavin together, because both the names have been turned by translation into the name Hand. In modern Irish the name is O'Lamhain, and they were of a Roscommon sept who are recorded in the Annals, as the followers of MacDermot Row, several being especially prominent in the sixteenth century. The rarer surname of MacLavin, which originated in Connacht as a small Hyl Fiachrach sept, is now rarely found outside west Munster. Ireland is one of the earliest sources of the development of patronymic names in northern Europe. Irish Clan or bynames can be traced back to the 4th century B.C. and Mac (son of) and O (grandson or ancestor of) evolved from this base, the original literal meaning of which has been lost due to the absence of written records and linguistic ambivalences which subtly but inexorably became adopted through usage. Genealogists and lexographers accept that the patronymic base does not refer to a location, quite the contrary. The use of the prefix 'Bally' (town of) attaching to the base name, identifying the location. The base root was also adopted by people residing in the demographic area without a common ancestor. These groups called 'Septs' were specially prevalent in Ireland. The first Normans arrived in Ireland in the 12th and 13th centuries to form an alliance with the King of Leinster. Under Elizabeth I in the 16th century, settlers from England established themselves around Dublin, then under English control and Presbyterian Scots emigrated to Ulster, introducing English and Scottish roots. Early records of the name mention Edward O'Glavin, 1273, Ireland. Richard Glavin was recorded in London in the year 1300. Edward Hand (1744-1802) was a leading figure in the American revolutionary army, and later a member of Congress, was born in County Offaly. The lion is the noblest of all beasts, and on that account in the symbol of strength and courage, and is most frequently borne in Coat Armour.
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