The surname of LAUDE is of the local group of surnames meaning 'one who came from LAUDER' in Berwickshire. The name is also spelt LAUDER and LAUD. Early records of the name mention William de LAWEDRE who was the sheriff of Perthshire in the time of Alexander III of Scotland. Robert de LAUUEDER held lands in Dalkeith in 1316, and Robert de LAWEDRE was a merchant in Scotland in 1425. William LAUDER was a classical scholar in Scotland and died in 1771. The first people in Scotland to acquire fixed surnames were the nobles and great landowners, who called themselves, or were called by others, after the lands they possessed. Surnames originating in this way are known as territorial. Formerly lords of baronies and regalities and farmers were inclined to magnify their importance and to sign letters and documents with the names of their baronies and farms instead of their Christian names and surnames. The abuse of this style of speech and writing was carried so far that an Act was passed in the Scots parliament in 1672 forbidding the practice and declaring that it was allowed only to noblemen and bishops to subscribe by their titles. A notable member of the name was William LAUD (1573-1645) the English prelate and archbishop of Canterbury, born in Reading, a well-to-do clothier's son. From Reading Free School, he passed at 16 to St. John's College, Oxford, becoming a fellow four years later. Ordained in 1601, he made himself obnoxious to the University authorities by his open antipathy to the dominant Puritanism. However, his solid learning and sincere and unselfish churchmanship, soon won him friends and patrons. One of these was Charles Blount, Earl of Devonshire, whom in 1605 LAUD married to the divorced Lady Rich (an offence that was always heavy on his conscience). In December 1644, he was voted guilty of endeavouring to subvert the laws to overthrow the Protestant religion, and he was beheaded on Tower Hill in 1645. Another notable member of the name was Robert Scott LAUDER (1803-69) the Scottish painter, born in Silvermills, Edinburgh. He lived in Italy and in Munich from 1833 to 1838, then in London until 1849, when he returned to Edinburgh. Sir Walter Scott's novels provided him with subjects for his most successful historical paintings.
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