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Lanagan Coat of Arms / Lanagan Family Crest

The Irish surname of LANAGAN was derived from the Gaelic O'Longain. The name survives in County Mayo as Langan. The tradition of surnames in Ireland developed spontaneously, as the population increased and the former practice, first of single names and then of ephemeral patronymics or agnomina of the nickname type proved insufficiently definitive. At first the surname was formed by prefixing 'Mac' to the father's Christian name or 'O 'to that of a grandfather or earlier ancestor. Ireland was one of the earliest countries to evolve a system of hereditary surnames. They came into being fairly generally in the 11th century, and indeed a few were formed before the year 1000. This is the name of two distinct septs; the LANGANS of County Mayo, where the name is now chiefly found, are said to be a branch of the Ulster sept of County Armagh, now rare in its original habitat, but several times mentioned in the Register of John Swayne, Archbishop of Armagh (1418-1439); the family of O'Longain, who were erenaghs of Ardpatrick, County Limerick, and Patrician stewards of Munster (one of whom was Bishop of Cloyne in the 13th century) are now called Long, but in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, the O'LONGAN family of County Cork were well known as scribes and poets, the most notable of them being Michael O'LONGAN (c.1765-1837) the poet of the United Irishmen. His father was Michael O'Longan (died 177O) of the poetic circle. Many Highland families migrated from Scotland to Ireland during the 17th and 18th centuries, and were granted the lands of the native Catholic Irish. People heard of the attractions of the New World, and many left Ireland to seek a better life sailing aboard the fleet of ships known as the 'White Sails', but much illness took its toll with the overcrowding of the ships which were pestilence ridden. From the port of entry many settlers made their way west, joining the wagons to the prairies, and many loyalists went to Canada about the year 1790, and became known as the United Empire Loyalists. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Rietstaps Armorial General.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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