This surname of LAMPL was of the locational group of surnames meaning 'one who came from LAMPLUGH' a parish in County Cumberland. The name is also spelt LAMPLOUGH and LAMPLUGH. The earliest of the name on record appears to be Robert de LAMPLUGH, who was documented during the reign of Henry II (1154-1189), and Johannes de LAMPLOGH, was recorded in Cumberland in 1319. Many factors contributed to the establishment of a surname system. For generations after the Norman Conquest of 1066 a very few dynasts and magnates passed on hereditary surnames, but most of the population, with a wide choice of first-names out of Celtic, Old English, Norman and Latin, avoided ambiguity without the need for a second name. As society became more stabilized, there was property to leave in wills, the towns and villages grew and the labels that had served to distinguish a handful of folk in a friendly village were not adequate for a teeming slum where perhaps most of the householders were engaged in the same monotonous trade, so not even their occupations could distinguish them, and some first names were gaining a tiresome popularity, especially Thomas after 1170. The hereditary principle in surnames gained currency first in the South, and the poorer folk were slower to apply it. By the 14th century however, most of the population had acquired a second name. Later instances of the name mention George LAMPLUGH of County Cumberland, who registered at Oxford University in the year 1588, and Thomas LAMPLUGH and Katherine Meurell, were married at St. Dionis, Backchurch, London in the year 1655. Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error.
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