This name LADBURY is of the locational group of surnames and meant 'one who came from Lathbury' a parish in County Buckinghamshire, near Newport Pagnell. The name was derived from the Old English word LATEBERIE, and was documented as such in the Domesday Book of 1086. The name is also spelt LATHBURY and LEDBURY. The name was recorded as LATEBERI (without surname) in the year 1163, and LATHEBUR in County Derbyshire in 1254. Domina de Lathebyr was recorded in County Buckinghamshire in 1273. Ralph Barton and Rose Lathburie were married at St. Michael, London in 1579. Marie, daughter of Isak Lathburie was baptised at the same church in 1609. Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. They were not in use in England or in Scotland before the Norman Conquest, and were first found in the Domesday Book. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. It was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) it became general practice amongst all people. Habitation names, which are by far the largest group, usually denoted where the original bearer of the name held his land, and where he actually lived. These local surnames derive (with a few occasional exceptions) from English, Scottish or French places, and were originally preceded by a preposition such as 'atte' or 'bye'. The earliest local surnames of French origin are chiefly from Normandy, particularly from the departments of Calvados, Eure, Seine-Inferieure and La Manche, although some Frenchmen, arriving in England early acquired surnames from English places. Local names may derive from the manor held, the place of residence, and occasionally from a sign like an Inn or Tavern, or a particularly unusual shape of rock, hill, tree, stream or river. A later instance of the name includes Francis LATHBURYE of County Derbyshire, registered at Oxford University in the year 1578, and Edward LADBURY and Francis Dale were married at Canterbury Cathedral, Kent in the year 1745.
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