This surname of KUMMER was German name of two-fold origin. It was a baptismal name meaning 'the son of KHUNEMAR (famous). It was also a locational name meaning 'one who came from KUMMER' the name of several places in Germany. The name is also spelt KUMER and KUMAR. Surnames are divided into four categories, from occupations, nicknames, baptismal and locational. All the main types of these are found in German-speaking areas, and names derived from occupations and from nicknames are particularly common. A number of these are Jewish. Patronymic surnames are derived from vernacular Germanic given names, often honouring Christian saints. Regional and ethnic names are also common. The German preposition 'von (from) or 'of', used with habitation names, is taken as a mark of aristocracy, and usually denoted proprietorship of the village or estate from where they came. Some members of the nobility affected the form VON UND ZU with their titles. In eastern Germany there was a heavy influence both from and on neighbouring Slavonic languages. Many Prussian surnames are of Slavonic origin.
One of the Principals of Linden Hall Seminary include one John G. KUMMER who presided from 1826 until 1830. Linden Hall Seminary was founded in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania in the year 1794. The descriptive account of the Hall is as follows:- 'This institution for the education of young ladies, came into existence at the request of parents living in Pennsylvania and Maryland, who desired to have their daughters instructed in the elements of polite education, while their physical and religious well-being should at the same time be specially considered and fostered'. Because of the close relationship between the English and German languages, some Germans are able to transform their names to the English form just by dropping a single letter. Many Germans have re-spelt their names in America. After the start of the first World War, Germans in great numbers Anglicized their names in an effort to remove all doubt as to their patriotism. Afterwards some changed back, and then during World War II the problem became acute once more, and the changing started all over again, although not with as much intensity. Many immigrants from Germany settled in Pennsylvania.
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