This surname KULLMAN was derived from a Germanic personal name composed of the elements KUONI (daring and brave) and RAD (counsel) which has probably fallen together with an originally distinct name, in which the first element was KUNI meaning race, people. The given name was extremely popular during the Middle Ages, being a hereditary name in several ruling families and also widely adopted by the people at large. The surname is also borne by Ashkenazic Jews, presumably just as an adoption of the name. The name has numerous variant spellings, and is known throughout Europe in its many forms, and has spread to the United States. The name is also spelt KONRAD, CONRAD, CONRATH, KUHN, KONNEKE, CORRADINI (Italian) GUNDA (Hungarian) KIEZLER (German) to name but a few. CONRAD I (died 918) was the king of Germany, son of the Count of Franconia and nephew of the Emperor Arnulf. He was elected king on the extinction of the direct Carolingian line in 911, and gradually re-established the imperial authority over most of the German princes. He carried on an unsuccessful war with France, and at last fell mortally wounded at Quedlinburg in a battle with the Hungarians. CONDRAD of Montferrat (died 1192) was the Italian crusader, who distinguished himself during the defence of Tyre against Saladin in 1187. In 1192 he was elected king of Jerusalem as consort of the heiress Isabella, daughter of Almalric I, but was murdered by the Assassins before he could be crowned. Because of the close relationship between the English and German languages, some Germans are able to transform their names to the English form just by dropping a single letter. Many Germans have re-spelt their names in America. After the start of the first World War, Germans in great numbers Anglicized their names in an effort to remove all doubt as to their patriotism. Afterwards some changed back, and then during World War II the problem became acute once more, and the changing started all over again, although not with as much intensity. Many immigrants from Germany settled in Pennsylvania. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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