This surname of KULIGOWSKI was a Russian and Polish habitation name from one of the many places named with the word KULIK. The name has numerous variant spellings which include KULIK, KULKA, KULIKOVSKY, KULIKIEWICZ, KULIKOV and KULIKOWSKI. Russian surnames are almost exclusively patronymic (occasionally metronymic) in form, usually ending in 'ov' or 'ev'. Habitation and topographic names are rare, and many common Russian surnames are polygenetic, and their literal meaning is clear, even though the reason for their adoption may not be. The earliest Polish surnames were patronymic. The personal names from which they were derived were mainly Slavonic, but as the Middle Ages progressed, traditional Slavic given names, began to give way to saint's names, mainly of Latin origin. Surnames derived from Slavonic personal names are of early origin, and tend to be borne by aristocratic families. This family is descended from Moldavian nobility. Prokoffi KULIKOVSKY departed from Moldavia and was a Russian servitor in the Kharkov Regiment as a Colonel. By charter of His Majesty Emperor Peter the Great, he was granted villages. Konstantin Prokofievich KULIKOVSKY in 1917 was killed by the Zaporozhians. In 1727, by charter of His Majesty Emperor Peter II, Yurii Prokofievich KULIKOVSKY was granted the villages of his father. Descendants of this family served the Throne of Russia in various offices and held villages. Heraldry appeared later in Russia than in most other Western European countries. It is generally agreed that it was copied from the west sometime in the late 17th century, and quickly achieved state significance. In 1722 Emperor Peter I (The Great) established an official Heraldry Office headed by a Master of Heraldry under the jurisdiction of the Senate. Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error.
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