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Kroh Coat of Arms / Kroh Family Crest

Kroh Coat of Arms / Kroh Family Crest

This surname of KROH was an English, German, Danish and Irish nickname, originally derived from the Old English word CRAWA, meaning 'one with the characteristics of a crow'. During the Middle Ages the crow was a bird considered remarkable for its gregarious and predatory habits. The name has travelled widely in many forms which include CROW, CRAWE, KRAHE, KROHE, KREHE, KRACH, KREY and KRAAIJ, to name but a few. During the 17th century surnames were brought to Britain, North America and southern Africa by French Huguenot exiles. The Huguenots were French Protestants, and in 1572 large numbers of them were massacred in Paris on the orders of Queen Catherine de'Medici. Many of the survivors sought refuge in England and elsewhere. Although the Edict of Nantes (1598) officially guaranteed religious toleration, persecution continued, and the Edict was revoked by Louis XIV in 1685. It was then the trickle of emigration became a flood. Many migrated to England, while others joined groups of Dutch Protestants settling around the Cape of Good Hope. Others sailed across the Atlantic to establish themselves in North America. Early records of the name in England mention Ailwin Crawe, who was documented in 1188 in County Norfolk. Nicholas Crowe was recorded in Wales in the year 1187. Ralph Crawe, was recorded in the year 1273 in County Norfolk. Adam Croe of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. William Crawe was vicar of Wigenhale, St. Peter, County Norfolk in 1431. John Crowe and Christian Dodo were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1794. The name was taken to Ireland by settlers, where the name in Gaelic is rendered as Mac Conchradha. In Ulster the families so named are mainly from England. The Dutch language is most closely related to Low German, and its surnames have been influenced both by German and French naming practices. The preposition 'van' is found especially with habitation names, and the 'de' mainly with nicknames. The first hereditary surnames on German soil are found in the second half of the 12th century, slightly later than in England and France. However, it was not until the 16th century that they became stabilized. The practice of adopting hereditary surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northwards during the Middle Ages.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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