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Krell Coat of Arms / Krell Family Crest

Krell Coat of Arms / Krell Family Crest

The surname of KRELL was a Polish nickname from the word KROL, meaning king, and presumably given to someone who gave himself regal airs. The name was originally derived from the Germanic personal name Carl, meaning Man, which was Latinized as Carolus. The name was popular at an early date, due to the fame of the Emperor Charlemagne (742-814). The Old form Charles was briefly introduced to England by the Normans, but was rare during the main period of surname formation. It was introduced more successfully to Scotland in the 16th century by the Stuarts, who had strong ties with France. The name was not in use among the general population in the Scandinavian speaking countries, and was restricted to the nobility. It has now spread widely and has many variant spellings. There are many variants of the name which include KROLL, KROLAK, KRAL, KIRALY, KRAHL, KOROLENKO and KRALIK, to name but a few. The earliest Polish surnames were patronymic. The personal names from which they were derived were mainly Slavonic, but as the Middle Ages progressed, traditional Slavic given names, began to give way to saint's names, mainly of Latin origin. Surnames derived from Slavonic personal names are of early origin, and tend to be borne by aristocratic families. Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.


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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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