This German and Jewish surname of KREITZER was an occupational name for a market gardener or herbalist. The name was originally derived from the Old German word KRAUT, meaning a herb or plant. As a Jewish surname it was adopted as an ornamental name from a plant. Many of the modern family names throughout Europe reflect the profession or occupation of their forbears in the Middle Ages and derive from the position held by their ancestors in the village, noble household or religious community in which they lived and worked. The addition of their profession to their birth name made it easier to identify individual tradesmen and craftsmen. As generations passed and families moved around, so the original identifying names developed into the corrupted but simpler versions that we recognise today. The name has numerous variant spellings which include KREIDER, KRAUTH, KRAUTER, KREITNER, KREITLER, KREITMAN, KRAUTMAN, KRAUTL and KRATHAMER. Between 1880 and 1914, almost three million Jews left Eastern Europe, representing the most extensive migration in Jewish history since the expulsion of Jews from Spain at the end of the 15th century. Most of the emigrants fled from Russia, where pogroms had raged, and where the laws of Czar Alexander III had oppressed Jewish life. Most of the emigrants departed from Hamburg and went to the United States, but some emigrated to Australia, Argentina, Brazil, Canada and South Africa. While the vast majority of the immigrants to America came through Ellis Island from 1907 to 1914 thousands of East European Jews participated in a little known episode in American Jewish history. They migrated through the port of Galveston, Texas and then were routed to towns throughout the Midwest where lodging and jobs awaited them. Linden Hall Seminary was founded in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania in the year 1794. The descriptive account of the Hall is as follows:- 'This institution for the education of young ladies, came into existence at the request of parents living in Pennsylvania and Maryland, who desired to have their daughters instructed in the elements of polite education, while their physical and religious well-being should at the same time be specially considered and fostered'. One of the Principals of Linden Hall Seminary include one Charles D KREIDER who presided from 1898 until 1903.
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