The surname of KRAUSHAAR is a German surname of two-fold origin. It was a baptismal name meaning 'the descendant of Krause'. It was also a nickname applied to one with curly-hair, from the Old German word KRAUS meaning 'curly'. Surnames having a derivation from nicknames form the broadest and most miscellaneous class of surnames, encompassing many different types of origin. The most typical classes refer adjectivally to the general physical aspect of the person concerned, or to his character. Many nicknames refer to a man's size or height, while others make reference to a favoured article of clothing or style of dress. Many surnames derived from the names of animals and birds. In the Middle Ages ideas were held about the characters of other living creatures, based on observation, and these associations were reflected and reinforced by large bodies of folk tales featuring animals behaving as humans. The name has numerous variant spellings which include KRAUSE, KRAUSHAAR, KRAUSKOPF, KRAUZER, KRUSE, KROEZE and KROUSA. A notable member of this name was Karl KRAUS, (l874-l936) Austrian critic and dramatist, and publisher and sole writer of the radical satirical magazine 'Die Fackel' (The Torch) from l899 to l936. He was among the first to champion the work of the German playwright Frank Wedekind. He himself wrote the apocalyptic and satirical plays 'The Last Days of Mankind' (l9l9) and 'The Unconquerable Ones' (l928) both savage portraits of politics and social morality. Surnames are divided into four categories, from occupations, nicknames, baptismal and locational. All the main types of these are found in German-speaking areas, and names derived from occupations and from nicknames are particularly common. A number of these are Jewish. Patronymic surnames are derived from vernacular Germanic given names, often honouring Christian saints. Regional and ethnic names are also common. The German preposition 'von (from) or 'of', used with habitation names, is taken as a mark of aristocracy, and usually denoted proprietorship of the village or estate from where they came. Some members of the nobility affected the form VON UND ZU with their titles. In eastern Germany there was a heavy influence both from and on neighbouring Slavonic languages. Many Prussian surnames are of Slavonic origin. The associated arms are recorded in Rietstaps Armorial General. Registered in Germany.
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