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Kortwrite Coat of Arms / Kortwrite Family Crest

This surname of KORTWRITE was an English occupational name for a maker of carts, derived from the Old English word CROET or the Old Norman word KARTR. The surname is attested from the late 13th century. Another spelling of the name is KORTWRIGHT. Early records of the name mention John le CARTWERESTE who was recorded in the year 1275, and Richard the CARTWRYTTE appears in 1290. Johannes Toppe CARTWRYGHT of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Geoffrey CARTEWRIGHT, 1379, ibid. Many of the modern family names throughout Europe reflect the profession or occupation of their forbears in the Middle Ages and derive from the position held by their ancestors in the village, noble household or religious community in which they lived and worked. The addition of their profession to their birth name made it easier to identify individual tradesmen and craftsmen. As generations passed and families moved around, so the original identifying names developed into the corrupted but simpler versions that we recognise today. A notable member of the name was the religious Thomas CARTWRIGHT, (1535-1603). He was a Puritan clergyman, born in Hertfordshire. He became, in 1569 professor of Divinity at Cambridge, but was deprived for his nonconforming lectures, and several times imprisoned. John CARTWRIGHT was an English Reformer, born in 1740. He was known as the Father of Reform. He served in the navy from 1758-70, and became Major to the Nottinghamshire Militia. He then began to write on politics, advocating annual parliaments, the ballot and manhood suffrage, and afterwards taking up reform in farming, abolition of slavery and the national defences and liberties of Spain and Greece. He died in 1824. Richard CARTWRIGHTE married Thomasine Baker at St. George's, Clerkenwell, London in 1752. Richard Greene married Ann CARTWRIGHT at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1602. As early as the year 1100, it was quite common for English people to give French names to their children, and the earliest instances are found among the upper classes, both the clergy and the patrician families. The Norman-French names used were generally the names most commonly used by the Normans, who had introduced them into England during the Norman Invasion of William the Conqueror in 1066.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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