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Knop Coat of Arms / Knop Family Crest

Knop Coat of Arms / Knop Family Crest

The surname of KNOP was a locational name 'the dweller at the high summit - a Norfolk surname'. Local names usually denoted where a man held land. The name was derived from the Old English word Cnappe. In the middle ages it was customary for a man to be named after the village where he and his family lived, or from the land that he owned. This would identify the whole family, and would follow them wherever they moved. The name is also spelt KNAPP, KNAPPER, CNAPE and KNAYPE. Early records of the name mention John Cnappe, 1273 County Norfolk. Johannes Knape of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Christopher Knapp married Elizabeth Keymes, St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1553. Robert Knapp was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, ibid. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066, although a few are found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames around this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1377) that it became common practice amongst all people. For the majority of the English speaking peoples, the main sources of names have been the traditions of the various Germanic tribes of Northern Europe, and the names introduced by the Church, perhaps Hebrew names of the Old Testament, or Greek and Roman names of the New Testament and saints. Many names were brought over to England by the invading Anglo-Saxons, a mixed collection of people from various Germanic tribes, speaking various dialects which were called Old English. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.


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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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