The surname of KIMBEL was a locational name 'of Kemble' a village and parish near Cirencester, County Wiltshire. The name was derived from the Old English word CYNBEL. Early records of the name mention Turbet filius Chembel, who was documented in Wiltshire in the year 1185. Richard Cembel was recorded in 1182, County Huntingdonshire. Hugo de Kenebeall was recorded in 1196 in Berkshire. Ralph Kenebold of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification. Later instances of the name mention John Kemball and Jane Jones who were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1657. James Kemble and Judith Davies were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1736. George Kemble and Elizabeth Poole were married at St. George's Chapel, Mayfair, London in 1742. This was the name of a family of English actors, Charles (1775-1884) Francis Anne (Fanny) (1809-1893) his actress daughter, and John Philip, his brother. The name is also spelt Kemball. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour.
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