The surname of KERTON was a locational name 'of Kearton' a parish in the North Riding of Yorkshire. Also of Kirton, a spot in County Lincolnshire. The name was originally derived from the Old Norman KIRKJA (church) and was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. The name literally meant 'the dweller by the church enclosure'. The names of habitation are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages, farmsteads or other named habitations. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and in fact whole countries. As a general rule, the further someone travelled from his place of origin, the broader the designation. Someone who stayed at home might be known by the name of his farm or locality in the parish; someone who moved to another town might be known by the name of his village; while someone who moved to another county could acquire the name of the county or region from which he originated.
Early records of the name mention Karretan (without surname) who was documented in the year 1298 in County Yorkshire and Alicia de Kirketon appears in 1273 in County Lincolnshire. Lambert de Kirketon was recorded in Lancashire in 1219, and Simon de Kirketone of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379.
Later instances include William Kirton who is in record in Yorkshire in 1508. Henry Kyrton and Elizabeth Canter were married in London in the year 1576 (no church recorded) and William Kirton of County Northampton, registered at Oxford University in the year 1591.
Amy, the daughter of William Kertone (dwelling in the backe lann) was baptised at St. Mary, Aldermary, London in 1622.
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