This surname of KAUTZMAN is a Czechoslovakian and German topographic name for someone who lived on a corner, or a habitation name from one of the places named with the element KAUT. In some cases it also denoted the keeper of a corner shop. The name is also spelt KOUCKY, KAUTSKY, KOUT, KOUTNEY, KOUTNIK, KOUTEK and KOUTECKY. Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, a stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. Surnames are divided into four categories, from occupations, nicknames, baptismal and locational. All the main types of these are found in German-speaking areas, and names derived from occupations and from nicknames are particularly common. A number of these are Jewish. Patronymic surnames are derived from vernacular Germanic given names, often honouring Christian saints. Regional and ethnic names are also common. The German preposition 'von (from) or 'of', used with habitation names, is taken as a mark of aristocracy, and usually denoted proprietorship of the village or estate from where they came. Some members of the nobility affected the form VON UND ZU with their titles. In eastern Germany there was a heavy influence both from and on neighbouring Slavonic languages. Many Prussian surnames are of Slavonic origin. A notable member of the name was Karl Johann KAUTSKY (1854-1938) the German socialist leader, born in Prague. In 1883 he founded and edited 'Die Neue Zeit'. A disciple of Marx, he wrote a study of Marxist economic theory (1887) and of Sir Thomas More and his 'Utopia' (1888). He also wrote against Bolshevism in 'Die Dikatur des Proleteriats' (1918).
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