The German, English, French, Spanish, Portugese, Flemish and Dutch surname of KAUS was originally from the Latin given name LUCAS, a form of the Greek LOUCAS, meaning 'the man from Lucania' which was a region of South Italy that was perhaps originally named with a word meaning 'bright'. The name owed its popularity in the Middle Ages to St. Luke the Evangelist. The name has many variant spellings which include KASEK, KASIK, KAUSE, KAUST, LUCKS, LUX, LUKESCH, LUKAS, LUKES, KAS and LUKACS, to name but a few, and was found in Germany at an early date. The first hereditary surnames on German soil are found in the second half of the 12th century, slightly later than in England and France. However, it was not until the 16th century that they became stabilized. The practice of adopting hereditary surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northwards during the Middle Ages. Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary surnames first developed, and the use of fixed names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise surnames. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. Thus hereditary names as we know them today developed gradually during the 11th to the 15th century in the various European countries.
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