This German surname of KATCHER was originally derived from the Old English 'Cote' meaning cottage or shelter and could also be a topographic name for someone who lived in a relatively humble dwelling. Local surnames, by far the largest group, derived from a place name where the man held land or from the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. These local surnames were originally preceded by a preposition such as 'de', 'atte', 'by' or 'in'. The names may derive from a manor held, from working in a religious dwelling or from literally living by a wood or marsh or by a stream. The name is also spelt DALLICOTE, DELICATE, KOTHE (German), KATHAM (German) and CATE (Dutch). Early records of the name mention a William de Cotes of the County of Lincolnshire who was documented in 1190. William Coates was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Roger atte Kote of the County of Yorkshire in 1296. Thomas del Cotes was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. A later instance of the name mentions William Turner and Susanna Coates were married in London in 1625. During the Middle Ages, when people were unable to read or write, signs were needed for all visual identification. For several centuries city streets in Britain were filled with signs of all kinds, public houses, tradesmen and even private householders found them necessary. This was an age when there were no numbered houses, and an address was a descriptive phrase that made use of a convenient landmark. At this time, coats of arms came into being, for the practical reason that men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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