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Kalinoski Coat of Arms / Kalinoski Family Crest

Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. The surname of KALINOSKI was a Polish locational name meaning 'one who came from Kalinow', the name of places in Poland. It was the name of a place where guelder-roses grew, small trees bearing round bunches of white flowers, known as the snow-ball tree. The name has numerous variant spellings which include KALINOSKY, KALINSKY and KALINSKI, to name but a few. This family is descended from ancient Polish nobility and according to the charters granted by Polish Kings had the ownership of villages. The Polish nobleman Evsei KALINSKY served the General-Field-Marshall Boris Petrovich Sheremetev by handling secret government affairs. He displayed fidelity and diligence particularly during campaigns against the enemy. He was granted estates in 1708. Many descendants served the Throne in noble positions and were granted fiefdoms. The earliest Polish surnames were patronymic. The personal names from which they were derived were mainly Slavonic, but as the Middle Ages progressed, traditional Slavic given names, began to give way to saint's names, mainly of Latin origin. Surnames derived from Slavonic personal names are of early origin, and tend to be borne by aristocratic families. Some names were changed by immigrants whilst on the boat heading for America and Australia. These transformations were usually to names thought by the immigrants to be more respected in his native land than the one he bore. Many Poles added 'ski' to their names to attain a higher social status since such names were accorded more respect from people of Polish extraction. Thus a larger proportion of Polish names carried this termination in America and Australia than in Poland.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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