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Jernigan Coat of Arms / Jernigan Family Crest

Jernigan Coat of Arms / Jernigan Family Crest

This English and French surname of JERNIGAN was a baptismal name 'the son of IARNOGON' or of the French 'the son of GERNIGON'. The name is also spelt JERNINGHAM, JERNEGAN and JENNINGHAM. The earliest of the name on record appears to be JERNEGAN Fitz-Hugh, who was recorded in County Norfolk in the year 1180, and Walter GERNEGAN appears in County Suffolk in the year 1273. In some documents bearing the seal of Queen Elizabeth I (1572) concerning the town of Yarmouth, Sir Henry JERNINGHAM (knight) is set down as Sir Henry JERNEGAM. Surnames can be divided into four categories; place names, occupation names, nicknames and patronymics. PLACE NAMES are the largest group and covers all those names first applied to people who lived in or nearby to a particular place. For example, Grove, Wood, Field, Meadow, and Street are obvious. Occasionally names were taken from obscure villages or hamlets which no longer exist and this can make research confusing. OCCUPATION NAMES cover nearly all trades which existed in the Middle Ages. These are numerous. It does not necessarily follow that such names as King, Duke, Earl and so on mean your ancestors were of noble blood. It is much more likely that such named people worked for the person referred to. NICKNAMES. This is a smaller group but in many ways more interesting. They usually originated as a by-name for someone by describing their appearance, personal disposition or character but which became handed down through the ages and did not apply to their descendants. For instance the name Black would denote a dark man, Little, someone small (or even somewhat ambiguously) someone tall. PATRONYMICS. This group covers all names which derive immediately from the owner's father. Many christian names which are also surnames have, over the years, lost the possessive form but the origin is still the same. Examples of this could be names such as Peter,Thomas, Henry - all names which became both christian and surnames over the years. Later instances of the name include Francis JERNEGAN of County Norfolk, and Anna Blount, who were married in Canterbury, Kent in the year 1675, and William JERNINGHAM and Frances Dillon, who were wed at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1767.

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Last Updated: April 12th, 2023

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