This Russian surname of JEREMIC was from a medieval given name, which enjoyed a modest popularity among Christians as being borne by the biblical prophet JEREMIAH (Hebrew Yirmeyahu 'may God exalt him') noted for his lamentations over the faithlessness of Israel. The name is also spelt YEREMEEV, YERYOMIN, JEREMOVIC, JEREMIAS, JEREMIES, JERMAS and YERTUCHIN (Jewish). JEREMIAH (7th century BC) was the Old testament prophet, son of Hilkiah, the priest. He was a native of Anathoth, near Jerusalem. He was in Jerusalem during the seige of Nebuchadezzar, and is said to have died a martyr's death at Tahphanhes in Egypt. 'The Book of Jeremiah' warns of the impending fall of Jerusalem to Nebuchadrezzar and the Babylonian exile, and foretold the coming of a Messiah. It is stated that the true origin of the name, a Norfolk surname, is Jermin, and Sir Germyn, recorded in County Norfolk in the year 1300, is one of the first of the name on record. Russian surnames are almost exclusively patronymic (occasionally metronymic) in form, usually ending in 'ov' or 'ev'. Habitation and topographic names are rare, and many common Russian surnames are polygenetic, and their literal meaning is clear, even though the reason for their adoption may not be. Heraldry appeared later in Russia than in most other Western European countries. It is generally agreed that it was copied from the west sometime in the late 17th century, and quickly achieved state significance. In 1722 Emperor Peter I (The Great) established an official Heraldry Office headed by a Master of Heraldry under the jurisdiction of the Senate, and granted 355 armorial bearings in the 18th century. Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error.
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