This surname JERDEN literally meant 'of the garden' from residence by one. The first of the name in Scotland is Winfredus de Jardine who flourished before 1153 and witnessed charters by David I to the Abbeys of Kelso and Arbroath. Umfrid de Jardin witnessed a charter by Robert de Bruys to the Abbey of Arbroath c.1178 and as Humphrey del Gardin he witnessed a confirmation of a fishery in Torduf c.1194. Patrick de Gardinas was cleric to the Bishop of Glasgow c.1200 and Sir Humphrey de Gardino witnessed the sale of lands in Annandale in 1245. John Jardin of Applegarth granted a charter of lands to a George Hume in 1476. Jean Gerdian was servitrix (clerk and attendant) to the Marchioness of Douglas in 1712. Thomas Jardin and Elizabeth Washington were married in 1725 in London and Andrew Gray and Jane Jardine were married at St George's church, Hanover Square, in the year 1759 Mr Andrew Gerden was a minister in Annendale in 1777 and Sir William Jardine, born in 1800, wrote several works on natural history. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker. Most of the European surnames were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name.
The associated Coat of Arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory, Ulster King Of Arms in 1884
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