The associated coat of arms for this name are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. This surname JEKEL is of Breton or Cornish origin, from a Celtic personal name, rendered in Old Breton as IUDICAEL, and composed of the elements meaning 'lord, generous, bountiful'. The name was borne by a 7th century saint, a king of Brittany, who abdicated and spent the last part of his life in a monastery. Forms of this surname (of which there are many) are found in medieval records, not only in Devon and Cornwall, where they are of native origin, but also in East Anglia and even Yorkshire, whither they were imported by Bretons after the Norman Conquest of 1066. Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. Gertrude JEKYLL (1843-1932) was the English horticulturalist and garden designer, born in London. She trained as an artist but was forced by failing eyesight to abandon painting and took up landscape design at her garden at Munstead Wood, Surrey. She designed more than 300 gardens and her books include 'Wood and Garden' (1899) 'Home and Garden' (1900) and 'Garden Ornament' (1918). In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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